Cognitive Training BCE
"The subject of discussion then is whether reason is absolute master of the passions. But we have to define what reason is and what passion is, how many forms of passion there are, and whether reason is lord over them all. Reason, I suggest, is the mind making a deliberate choice of the life of wisdom. Wisdom, I submit, is knowledge of things divine and human, and of their causes. And this wisdom, I assume, is the culture we acquire from the Law, through which we learn the things of God reverently and the things of men to our worldly advantage. "The forms of wisdom consist of prudence, justice, courage, and temperance. Of these prudence is the most authoritative, for it is through it that reason controls the passions. Of the passions, the two all-embracing kinds are pleasure and pain, and each of these inheres in the body as well as the soul. A large retinue of passions attends upon both pleasure and pain. Before pleasure comes desire, and after pleasure comes joy.